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White Cliffs of Dover

White Cliffs of Dover

EuropeEnglandKent
51.14, 1.37
White Cliffs of Dover - View of St Margaret's Bay village from the top of South Foreland Lighthouse
White Cliffs of Dover - The coastal trail is part of the 262 km (~163 mi) long Saxon Shore Way
White Cliffs of Dover - Hikers with a ferry coming from France in the background
White Cliffs of Dover - The hike from the car park to the South Foreland Lighthouse is around 3.2 km (2 mi) long
White Cliffs of Dover - A secondary path leads on the beach
White Cliffs of Dover - Langdon Bay with a ferry coming out of the fog, viewed from the coastal trail
White Cliffs of Dover - The beggining of the coastal trail leading to South Foreland Lighthouse
White Cliffs of Dover Photo - Weather permitting, the cliffs are often visible from the French coast
White Cliffs of Dover Photo - White Cliffs of Dover in springtime
White Cliffs of Dover Photo - Large parts of the cliffs fall every year in the English Channel, the latest one being reported on 15 March 2012
White Cliffs of Dover Photo - The cliffs erode annually due to weather conditions around 1cm (0.39 in)
White Cliffs of Dover Photo - White Cliffs of Dover is the first and the last line of sight for tourists traveling by water between UK and France

About the White Cliffs of Dover

The White Cliffs of Dover run East and West from the Port of Dover on the South East coast of England in Kent. On a clear day, they’re visible from France due to their immense height. At 110 m (~361 ft) at their highest point they are an outstanding sight, composed of pure, soft white chalk streaked with harder black flintstone. The chalk is 136 million years old and contains millions of fossilized shells and marine creatures.

Flora and Fauna

The Cliffs are home to important colonies of nesting seabirds including fulmars, kittiwakes and ravens, which nested on the cliffs in 2010 for the first time in many years. The National Trust protects these birds and the rest of the wildlife along the 8 km (5 mi) stretch of coast, and promotes this protection by setting out wildlife walks for visitors.

A herd of Exmoor ponies helps to conserve the downland by grazing and keeping down the growth of shrub bush.

Activities

As well as viewing the magnificent scenery and wildlife through a series of well-maintained coastal walks, the area is significant historically. The Cliffs have long been an important strategic position due to their wide-open views over the Channel, and there have been fortifications here since the Iron Age. They are now iconic symbols of Britain withstanding against enemy invasion.

Dover Castle was built in the 11th Century and visitors can now visit to see the fortifications there that have been added over the centuries. In Napoleonic wars tunnels were bored into the cliffs on two levels to be used as canon ports. These were used in both World Wars as hospitals and billets for soldiers.

Landscape: Rock Formations, Landscape: Cliff